For more information email imagesonline bl. The sketch shown here dates from and is an early working of the 'Pastoral' Symphony. Ludwig van Beethoven is one of the most significant and influential composers of the western art music tradition.
Salzburg, January 27, Died: Vienna, December 5, At the age of four he could learn a piece of music in half an hour. At five he was playing the clavier incredibly well. At six he began composing, writing his first symphonies at the age of eight. He was constantly traveling all over Europe with his father, Leopold Mozarta violinist, minor composer and Vice-Kapellmeister at the court of the Archbishop of Salzburg.
The musical feats and tricks of young Wolfgang were exhibited to the courts beginning in Munich into musical academicians, and to the public. Between the ages of seven and fifteen, the young Mozart spent half of his time on tour.
During these tours, Mozart heard, absorbed, and learned various European musical idioms, eventually crystallizing his own mature style. Fully expecting to find an ideal post outside his sleepy home town of Salzburg and the detested archiepiscopal court, in Wolfgang went on a tour with his mother to Munich, Mannheim, and Paris.
It was in Paris that his mother died suddenly in July, With no prospects of a job, Mozart dejectedly returned to Salzburg in and became court organist to the Archbishop. Mozart finally achieved an unceremonious dismissal from the archiepiscopal court inand thereafter became one of the first musicians in history to embark upon a free-lance career, without benefit of church, court, or a rich patron.
Mozart moved to Vienna where he lived for a time with the Webers, a family he had met in He eventually married Constanze Weber in August of, against the wishes and strict orders of his father.
Then for a time, things began to look bright for the young composer. Mozart is probably the only composer in history to have written undisputed masterworks in virtually every musical genre of his age.
His serenades, divertimenti and dances, written on request for the entertainment and outdoor parties of the nobility, have become synonomous with the Classical "age of elegance," and are perhaps best exemplified by the well-known Serenade in G major, which the composer called Eine kleine Nachtmusik A little night music.
In Vienna, Mozart became a regular at the court of Emperor Joseph IIwhere he wrote much of his greatest music. The concertos often begin with an elaborate sonata form first movement, followed by a tender and melodious second movement, and usually conclude with a brisk, engaging rondo, as in the Piano Concerto no.
In his last three symphonies, the second of which is the great Symphony no. Through his dramatic and musical genius, Mozart transformed such operatic comedies and characters into living, breathing dramas peopled with real human beings.
He found a kindred spirit in this regard at the Viennese court in the person of Lorenzo da Pontewho supplied Mozart with the librettos of his three Italian operatic masterpieces.
Figaro was followed in by Don Giovanni Don Juanwritten for Prague, where Figaro had been an overwhelming success.
Having scaled the heights of Italian opera buffa, Mozart turned again to the German Singspiel in the final year of his life. Again he produced yet another masterpiece, this time with the unconventional combination of low comedy and high ideals.George Frideric Handel: George Frideric Handel, German-born English composer of the late Baroque era, noted particularly for his operas, oratorios, and instrumental compositions.
He wrote the most famous of all oratorios, Messiah (), and is also known for such occasional pieces as . If I were to be so lucky to ask Beethoven to compose a work of any genre, I'm sure that I would ask for a nocturne or waltz.
The master's genius at improvisation would ensure a piece that would rank alongside any of the romantics. The musical works of Ludwig van Beethoven (–) are classified by both genre and various numbering systems. The most common methods of numbering Beethoven's works are by opus number, assigned by Beethoven's publishers during his lifetime, and by number within genre.
How did Ludwig van Beethoven change music? Beethoven was an innovator of musical form.
He widened the scope of the symphony, the sonata, the concerto, and the quartet and in so doing broke many patterns of Classical music.
Ludwig van Beethoven () was a German composer and pianist, who is arguably the defining figure in the history of Western music. Ludwig Van Beethoven was born in December , but no-one is completely sure on which date.
Ludwig van Beethoven was a very prolific composer, producing many symphonies, concertos, piano sonatas, violin sonatas, an opera, masses and several overtures. The sketch shown here dates from and is an early working of the 'Pastoral' Symphony.