Role of information technology in environmental science

Federal government, excluding postal service 6 Environmental scientists and specialists work in offices and laboratories. Some may spend time in the field gathering data and monitoring environmental conditions firsthand, but this work is much more likely to be done by environmental science and protection technicians. Fieldwork can be physically demanding, and environmental scientists and specialists may work in all types of weather. Environmental scientists and specialists may have to travel to meet with clients or present research at conferences.

Role of information technology in environmental science

Essay on the Role of Information Technology in Environment and Human Health Article shared by Information technology has tremendous potential in the field of environmental educational and health as in any other field like business, economics, politics or culture.

A number of software have been developed for environment and health studies, which are user friendly. Database is the collection of inter-related data on various subjects.

It Ls usually in computerized form and can be retrieved whenever required. In the computer the information of database is arranged in a systematic manner that is easily manageable and can be very quickly retrieved.

The Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India has taken up the task of compiling a database on various biotic communities.

Role of information technology in environmental science

The comprehensive database includes wildlife database, conservation database, forest cover database etc. National Management Information System NM1S of the Department of Science and technology has compiled a database on Research and Development Projects along with information about research scientists and personnel involved.

With its headquarters in Delhi, it functions in 25 different centers all over the country. The ENVIS centers work for generating a network of database in areas like pollution control, clean technologies, remote sensing, coastal ecology, biodiversity, western Ghats and eastern environmental management, media related to environment, renewable energy, desertification, mangroves, wildlife, Himalayan ecology, mining etc.

The National Institute of Occupational Health provides computerized information on occupational health i. Satellite imageries provide us actual information about various physical and biological resources and also to some extent about their state of degradation in a digital form through remote sensing.

We are able to gather digital information on environmental aspects Eke water logging, desertification, deforestation, urban sprawl, river and canal network, mineral and energy reserves and so on. Geographical Information System GI3 has proved to be a very effective tool in environmental management.

Different thematic maps containing digital information on a number of aspects like water resources, industrial growth, human settlements, road network, soil type, forest land, crop land or grass land etc. Such information is very useful for future land vise planning.

Even interpretations of polluted zones, degraded lands or diseased cropland can be made on GIS. Planning for locating suitable areas for industrial growth is now being done using GIS by preparing Zoning Atlas.

GIS serves to check unplanned growth and related environmental problems. Our satellite data also helps in providing correct, reliable and verifiable information about forest cover, success of conservation efforts etc.

They also provide information of atmospheric phenomena like approach of monsoon, ozone layer depletion, inversion phenomena, smog etc. We are able to discover many new reserves of oils, minerals etc. Thus remote sensing and GIS play a key role in resource mapping, environmental conservation, management, and planning and environmental impact assessment.

It also helps in identifying several disease-infected areas, which are, prone to some vector-borne diseases like malaria, schistosomiasis etc.

The World Wide Web with resources material on every aspect, class-room activities, digital files of photos, power- point lecture presentations, animations, web-exercises and quiz has proved to be extremely useful both for the students and the teachers of environmental studies.a.

To build up a repository and dissemination centre in Environmental Science and Engineering. b. To gear up modern technologies of acquiring, processing, storage, retrieval and dissemination of information of environmental nature.

c. To promote research, development and innovation in environmental information technology. d. Nov 14,  · Environmental Science & Technology; Environmental Science & Technology Letters; I; Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Supporting Information Unveiling the Role of Defects on Oxygen Activation and Photodegradation of Organic Pollutants.

PDF es8b_si_pdf ( MB). Science» Sports» Tourism: Role of IT in environment and human health: Information technology (IT) is one of the fastest growing recent technology.

Various software have been developed for environment and health care which are user friendly and help in better understanding for the topic. Role Of Information Technology In Environmental Protection. Introduction Technology can be defined as the invention, modification, usage, and knowledge of tools, machines, techniques, crafts, systems, and methods of organization, in order to solve a problem, improve a preexisting solution to a problem, achieve a goal, handle an applied input/output relation or perform a specific function.

Information technology is expanding rapidly with increasing applications and new avenues are being opened with effective role in education, management and planning in the field of environment and health. See all Environmental Science & Technology ACS Editors'' Choice articles.

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