This new OECD report focuses on how best to close these gender gaps under four broad headings: Key policy messages are as follows:
The survey question about career success is part of a battery that asks respondents to weigh the importance of key aspects of life. For men and women of all ages, being a good parent and having a successful marriage continue to rank significantly higher on their list of priorities than being successful in a high-paying job or career.
Thus, the increased importance women are now placing on their careers has not come at the expense of the importance they place on marriage and family. Women, Work and Education Over the course of the past four decades, women have been making significant gains in their labor force participation and educational attainment.
Inwomen made up almost half of the labor force Inwomen made up However, women have fared worse than men in the recovery that began in mid Women first surpassed men in these realms in the early s, and the gap has been growing wider ever since. Still, women have made big strides in attaining equal pay.
While this could signal a changing workplace, women have tended to fall behind men as their careers progress, so it remains to be seen whether this is an age or generational phenomenon.
Attitudes have changed as well. A Gallup survey asked respondents to rate how much they agree with the following statement: Family Still Trumps Career Though women are increasingly focused on college and career, the share who place marriage and parenthood high on the list of priorities is undiminished.
For both men and women, being a good parent and having a successful marriage remain much more important than career success. In comparison, only about half of women or men place the same level of importance on professional success. At the same time that young women are focusing more than young men on their career, they also are placing a higher value than young men on both marriage and parenthood.
Parenting ranks even higher on the list of priorities for both women and men. The share of young women who rate parenting as a top priority has increased dramatically in recent years: Both middle-aged and older women and men are significantly more likely to place parenting at the top of their priorities today than in The increased value placed on marriage and family does not necessarily reflect the broader societal trends in these areas.
However, the public remains conflicted about the impact these changes have had on young children. Data were compared and results were similar.
They were combined in order to increase sample size and reliability. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, published tables.
One contributing factor is that professional women are not as well represented in higher paying job groups, such as computer and engineering fields, and are overrepresented in lower paying job groups, such as education and health care See U.
Would you tell me after each whether you strongly agree, moderately agree, are uncertain, moderately disagree, or strongly disagree?Gender can come up a fair bit - but you can use the basic input/school factors approach I outlined the other day to tackle them – simply add relevant studies.
Here are a few pointers. Tomorrow - ethnicity and educational attainment. The nature of gender differences in educational attainment. Sep 19, · New Census data shows the national gender pay gap remains stagnant at 77 cents, but on the state level there's beginning to be signs of movement.
Here, a . Background. It is well known that children growing up in poorer families emerge from school with substantially lower levels of educational attainment. It's getting harder to be a woman.
That's the conclusion of a new study on the Global Gender Gap from the World Economic Forum. The annual review looks at countries, and evaluates women's. It specifies performance attainment targets (P scales) and performance descriptors for pupils aged 5 to 16 with special educational needs (SEN) who are working below the standard of the national.
Our panel data set on educational attainment has been updated for countries from to The data are disaggregated by sex and by 5-year age intervals.