Facts about demotic writing alphabet

Table of Unicode Berber Latin alphabet letters used in Kabyle. The first systematic attempts to adapt the Latin script to African languages were probably those of Christian missionaries on the eve of European colonization Pasch These however were isolated, done by people without linguistic training, and sometimes resulted in competing systems for the same or similar languages. One of the challenges in adapting the Latin script to many African languages was the use in those tongues of sounds unfamiliar to Europeans and thus without writing convention they could resort to.

Facts about demotic writing alphabet

Mesoamerican writing systems A stone slab with 3,year-old writing, the Cascajal Blockwas discovered in the Mexican state of Veracruz, and is an example of the oldest script in the Western Hemisphere, preceding the oldest Zapotec writing dated to about BC.

The earliest inscriptions which are identifiably Maya date to the 3rd century BC, and writing was in continuous use until shortly after the arrival of the Spanish conquistadores in the 16th century AD. Maya writing used logograms complemented by a set of syllabic glyphs: Iron Age writing[ edit ] Cippus PerusinusEtruscan writing near PerugiaItalythe precursor of the Latin alphabet The Phoenician alphabet is simply the Proto-Canaanite alphabet as it was continued into the Iron Age conventionally taken from a cut-off date of BC.

This alphabet gave rise to the Aramaic and Greek alphabets.

facts about demotic writing alphabet

These in turn led to the writing systems used throughout regions ranging from Western Asia to Africa and Europe. For its part the Greek alphabet introduced for the first time explicit symbols for vowel sounds. The Brahmic family of India is believed by some scholars to have derived from the Aramaic alphabet as well.

Several varieties of the Greek alphabet developed. The other variation, known as Eastern Greekwas used in present-day Turkey and by the Athenians, and eventually the rest of the world that spoke Greek adopted this variation.

After first writing right to left, like the Phoenicians, the Greeks facts about demotic writing alphabet chose to write from left to right. Greek is in turn the source for all the modern scripts of Europe.

The most widespread descendant of Greek is the Latin scriptnamed for the Latinsa central Italian people who came to dominate Europe with the rise of Rome.

The Romans learned writing in about the 5th century BC from the Etruscan civilizationwho used one of a number of Italic scripts derived from the western Greeks.

Due to the cultural dominance of the Roman state, the other Italic scripts have not survived in any great quantity, and the Etruscan language is mostly lost. Latin, never one of the primary literary languages, rapidly declined in importance except within the Church of Rome.

The primary literary languages were Greek and Persianthough other languages such as Syriac and Coptic were important too. The rise of Islam in the 7th century led to the rapid rise of Arabic as a major literary language in the region. Arabic script was adopted as the primary script of the Persian language and the Turkish language.

This script also heavily influenced the development of the cursive scripts of Greek, the Slavic languagesLatinand other languages[ citation needed ]. The Arabic language also served to spread the Hindu—Arabic numeral system throughout Europe.

Renaissance and the modern era[ edit ] By the 14th century a rebirth, or renaissancehad emerged in Western Europe, leading to a temporary revival of the importance of Greek, and a slow revival of Latin as a significant literary language.

A similar though smaller emergence occurred in Eastern Europe, especially in Russia. At the same time Arabic and Persian began a slow decline in importance as the Islamic Golden Age ended.

Alphabet: Alphabet, set of graphs, or characters, used to represent the phonemic structure of a language. In most alphabets the characters are arranged in a definite order, or sequence, and each alphabetic character represents either a consonant or a vowel rather than a syllable or a group of consonants and vowels. The writing systems of Africa refer to the current and historical practice of writing systems on the African continent, both indigenous and those introduced.. Today, the Latin script is commonly encountered across Africa, especially Sub-Saharan Africa. Arabic script is mainly used in North Africa and Ge'ez/Ethiopic script is dominant in the Horn of Africa. Native American tradition combined with scientific decoding methods indicate that "rock art" is really a sophisticated form of writing. The life-long research into Native American petroglyphs by LaVan Martineau, an orphan adopted into the Paiute tribe of southeastern Nevada and southwestern Utah, has resulted in detailed interpretations of the rock writings.

The revival of literary development in Western Europe led to many innovations in the Latin alphabet and the diversification of the alphabet to codify the phonologies of the various languages.

The nature of writing has been constantly evolving, particularly due to the development of new technologies over the centuries.

The penthe printing pressthe computer and the mobile phone are all technological developments which have altered what is written, and the medium through which the written word is produced. Particularly with the advent of digital technologies, namely the computer and the mobile phone, characters can be formed by the press of a button, rather than making a physical motion with the hand.

The nature of the written word has recently evolved to include an informal, colloquial written style, in which an everyday conversation can occur through writing rather than speaking.

Written communication can also be delivered with minimal time delay e-mailSMSand in some cases, with an imperceptible time delay instant messaging. Writing is a preservable means of communication. Some people regard the growth of multimedia literacy as the first step towards a postliterate society.

Writing material There is no very definite statement as to the material which was in most common use for the purposes of writing at the start of the early writing systems.Egyptians and foreigners The Egyptian view of the world The Egyptian world view was insular.

In one of their creation myths the earth rose out of the primordial waters of Nun. Africa, the Cradle of Writing.

Theophile OBENGA. Article publié dans ANKH n°8/9. 1. Introduction. The study of writing provides a rich domain of cultural history and ideas which interwave the disciplines of philosophy and religion, linguistics and humanistic inquiry..

In his book entitled The Aryan Origin of The Alphabet published in London in , L.A. Waddell believed that the alphabet. Native American tradition combined with scientific decoding methods indicate that "rock art" is really a sophisticated form of writing.

The life-long research into Native American petroglyphs by LaVan Martineau, an orphan adopted into the Paiute tribe of southeastern Nevada and southwestern Utah, has resulted in detailed interpretations of the rock writings.

Native American tradition combined with scientific decoding methods indicate that "rock art" is really a sophisticated form of writing.

The life-long research into Native American petroglyphs by LaVan Martineau, an orphan adopted into the Paiute tribe of southeastern Nevada and southwestern Utah, has resulted in detailed interpretations of the rock writings.

Africa, the Cradle of Writing. Theophile OBENGA. Article publié dans ANKH n°8/9. 1. Introduction. The study of writing provides a rich domain of cultural history and ideas which interwave the disciplines of philosophy and religion, linguistics and humanistic inquiry..

In his book entitled The Aryan Origin of The Alphabet published in London in , L.A. Waddell believed that the alphabet.

Hieroglyphic writing - Christianity and the Greek alphabet: The situation was altered with the conversion of Egypt to Christianity in the 2nd and 3rd centuries ce. The new religion fought against the Egyptian polytheism and traditions, and with its victory the Greek script triumphed.

From the beginning, Egyptian Christians used the Greek alphabet for writing their spoken Egyptian language.

Ancient Egypt Writing, paper and Ink, Egypt's Gift to the World